03. View a SNIa Host Galaxy (intermediate)

Contact authors: Melissa Graham

Last verified to run: 2022-06-26

Targeted learning level: intermediate

Introduction: This portal tutorial demonstrates how to get an initial look at the potential host galaxy of a SNIa in the six (ugrizy) deepCoadd images.

This tutorial assumes a basic working knowledge of the Portal interface (e.g., review of the Image Search (ObsTAP) instructions or the successful completion of the first Portal tutorial). For more information about the DP0.2 catalogs and images, visit the DP0.2 Data Products Definition Document (DPDD).

1. Query for Images

1.1. Log into the Portal Aspect and check the “Use Image Search (ObsTAP)” box below “LSST DP0.2 DC2 Tables”.

1.2. Under “Observation Type and Source”, choose “Calibration Level” 3, which is for derived images such as deepCoadds and difference images. Leave the other options to their default settings except for the “Data Product Subtype” enter “lsst.deepCoadd_calexp”.

1.3. Under “Location”, choose “Observation boundary contains point” from the drop-down menu and enter the coordinates “67.4579, -44.0802” - the known location of the SNIa from Portal tutorial 02.

1.4. Do not set any timing or spectral coverage constraints, and do not change the default table column selections.

The default view of the RSP Portal’s user interface is shown in this image. From this window a user can select information to customize their search parameters for type of service, type of tables, search constraints, and select the number of rows to return.

Query for the deepCoadds that cover the SNIa location.

1.5. Click “Search”.

2. Interact with the deepCoadds

2.1. Above the image, click on the grid icon (hover-over text “Tile all images in the search result table”) to simultaneously view all six filters’ deepCoadds. The default view is to center all deepCoadds on the center of the patch. In this example the compass has been enabled using the “Tools” icon (wrench and ruler, hover-over text “Tools drop down”).

2.2. And then click on “Bi-view Tables” in the upper right corner to show just one image and the table side-by-side. To display the six filters’ deepCoadds, select “Data Product” tab.

A screenshot of the default view for image display of six separate co-add images. The side panel on the right has a list of each of the coadd images and some of the descriptive information for the images.

The default view centers the image display on the patch center.

2.3. Align and lock by WCS. Click on the “align” icon above the image (hover-over text “Image alignment drop down…”) and under “Align and Lock Options” select “by WCS”. Notice now that zooming and panning in one image does the same in all six images.

Image alignment dropdown is clicked which is the icon second from the right. A menu appears with nine alignment and locking options. Align and lock options by WCS is selected.

Choose to align and lock on WCS.

2.4. Mark and center the SNIa. Choose the “center” icon (hover-over text “Image center drop down”), and in the box next to “Center On” enter the SNIa’s coordinates, “67.4579, -44.0802”, and then click “Go & Mark”. Click the magnifying glass with the “+” symbol to zoom-in on the centered location, and grab and drag to pan around the image. If you happen to pan away from the SNIa, recenter using the “center” icon and finding the SNIa coordinates under “Recent Positions”.

This image is a pop up selection box and pan by table row is selected.  The center of the selection box allows the user to enter the coordinates on which to center the image. In this case, the quote Center on unquote coordinates are for the known position of a supernova. To the right of the input area are buttons for go and go and mark, which will mark the coordinate position on the resulting image

Center on and mark the coordinates of the SNIa.

Six image panels showing each of the filter bands for y, z, i, u, g, and r bands. A large blob and smaller blob vary in size between each of the filters.  The images show that there is more intensity in the i and r bands than there is in the u band.

A zoom-in on the SNIa and its host, with linear zscaling.

Notice: In the figure above, the images in the grid are displayed in the order they appear in the table: top row (left to right) then bottom row (left to right). In the table, notice that the filter order is y, z, i, u, g, r. To sort the table so that the filter order is u, g, r, i, z, y, click on the column heading for the “em_min” column.

2.5. Rescale the flux to explore the underlying distribution of host galaxy light. Use the “scale” icon (hover-over text “Stretch drop down”) to change the greyscale stretch and/or boundaries for the images. From the drop-down window, select one of the supplied image stretch options or select “Color stretch” to get a pop-up window.

Set the Stretch Type to “Log” and the upper range to 99.5%, and unselect the checkbox next to “Use Zscale for bounds”, then click “Refresh”. Notice that there appears to be a faint - but spatially distinct - extended object at the location of the SNIa, especially in the g-band image (bottom center), which at first was not obvious due to the wings of the brighter galaxy.

Six panel displays each of which shows a close up zoom of the supernova and possible host galaxy. To the right of the display is a pop-up window to modify the settings for the images.  The settings allows the user to select type type of stretch and the range used for the stretch.

Well the host association looks a little complicated!

Techniques for associating SNIa with their host galaxies are beyond the scope of this tutorial, which was only concerned with getting an initial look at the potential host galaxy.